Biomass Energy Use in Ohio
In Ohio, there are more than 1,300 wood manufacturing companies. A substantial quantity of biomass resources are generated from forests (tops and limbs) and wood companies (saw dust, chips, barks, and edgings). The Ohio Biomass Energy Program has published several reports on industrial and forest wood residues in Ohio.
Directory of Wood Manufacturing Industry of Ohio
This report provides information regarding the amount and type of wood residues available and their current uses in the state of Ohio. These are presented according to the size, wood input requirements, expenditure on energy, types and amount of wood residues generation, existing wood residue uses and disposal, and the current price for wood residues. (summary) (full text)
This report reviews the current and potential use of woody biomass resources. A Linear Programming (LP) model is developed to identify potential sites for biomass power plants based on availability of forest and industrial wood residues. This LP model is used to examine various policy issues having to do with the use and disposal of industrial wood and forest residues in Ohio.
Use of Industrial Wood Residues in Ohio
Sold - 45.27%
Landfill - 21.63%
Given Away - 17.63%
Internal Uses - 15.47%
Livestock, Food Processing, and Other Wastes
See: Updated Agricultural Biogas Casebook - Great Lakes Biomass Energy Program
In the 2005 federal budget, the Ohio Agricultural Research Development Center was awarded a significant grant for research on anaerobic digestion.
Biomass Task Force
The Biomass Task Force was formed in April 2002. The Ohio Biomass Energy Program is an integral part of this Task Force along with other state agencies. The Task Force serves to:
- explore and support development of clean distributed generation systems in Ohio
- serve as a "point of entry" for the industry to receive technical, permitting, and regulatory assistance, and financing options for potential projects
- promote energy and environmental benefits
Biodiesel and Ethanol
Gov. Strickland’s Executive Order 2007-02S requires each state agency to reduce dependence on foreign oil by purchasing alternative fuel vehicles and using alternative fuels when readily available.
So where can I find gas stations that offer E85 fuel?
Visit the Clean Fuels Ohio map online for up-to-date information on E85 refueling locations. Click on the name of station to view a Google Map and obtain directions.
The U.S. Department of Energy’s alternative fuel route mapper is useful to determine the proximity of an E-85 fuel station as you travel throughout Ohio: The website is: http://afdcmap2.nrel.gov/locator/RoutePane.asp.
Amended Substitute Senate Bill 144
- Allows a nonrefundable tax credit against corporation franchise or personal income tax liability for an investor in a biofuel production plant
- Provides that the tax credit is equal to 50 percent of the money invested in such a plant ($ 5,000 maximum)
- Allows the Ohio Air Quality Development Authority to offer financing incentives for construction of biofuel facilities
More on Senate Bill 144:
Ohio Ethanol Production Map (February 2008)
|The Phoenix Golf Links, located in Columbus, is an example of a creative and practical use of a closed landfill. Nearly 4 MW of electricity is being generated by the landfill methane recovered from beneath the golf course.|
The Ohio Biomass Energy Program, Ohio Air Quality Development Authority and the Ohio-EPA are State Allies in the U.S. EPA Landfill Methane Outreach Program (LMOP). The goal of LMOP is to reduce methane emissions from landfills by encouraging environmentally and economically beneficial landfill-gas-to-energy projects, such as direct pipeline use or electricity generation.
There are about 17 operational landfill gas projects in Ohio, either using the gas directly or using it to generate electricity. Seven projects in Ohio generate electricity with a total capacity of about 37 MW. The LMOP program has identified more than 20 candidate landfills for new landfill gas-to-energy projects and an additional 20 landfills with the potential for project development based on the acquisition of additional data or site-specific needs. For additional information, go to http://www.epa.gov/lmop.
The recovery of solid wastes, including municipal solid waste, recyclable materials, and wastewater sludge for use as an energy resource is an important option. The U.S. Energy Information Administration has found that there is about 3.055 MW of installed electric capacity from municipal solid waste and landfill gas in the U.S.
Facilities in Toledo and Akron generate power from biogas created at wastewater treatment plants using anaerobic digestion technology.
For additional information on solid waste-to-energy technology, go to the Waste-to-Energy Research and Technology Council Web site.